RHINITIS IN HORSES

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Rhinitis is the inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose. It is also called catarrh, meaning to flow down, and always refers to the discharge of a mucous membrane. The name catarrh can be applied to any mucous membrane of the body, but it is usually applicable to the nasal membrane.
The first symptom is usually sneezing, pain is present probably in the Scneiderian membrane. After a few hour a slight cough develops – elevation of temperature from 39oC to 40 oC, pulse is 48 to 50, lassitude – congestion of the mucous membrane of the nose and eyelids.
Treatment – The acute form of rhinitis is a febrile disease and therefore needs antiphlogistic treatment. The following procedures are recommended:
- Put animal in a comfortable place
- Let him rest and don’t work
- Dose him with acetanilide
- Give a fever mixture, such as recommended in ephemeral fever
- Give a diuretic – the kidneys must be stimulated early in every febrile disease, to prevent an accumulation of debris in the urinary system
- Apply local treatment to the head
Steaming the head over a tub of hot water is good for this case. Set a wash or soap tub on top of a barrel, and tie the horse’s head so that he cannot thrust it down into the hot water. Trow a blanket over his head, and a red hot brick into the tub of a water, this will precipitate suddenly a lot of steam, which will bring relive to the animal if the inflammation is located in the head, but not if in the lungs. It is possible to medicate the steam with an ounce of white wine vinegar, or dilute acetic acid, both of which are soothing to inflamed mucous membranes. If the catarrh has reached the supportive stage, throw an ounce of carbolic acid or an ounce of tincture of iodine into 11 ltr water (hot), and allow the steam of it to penetrate the animal’s head. These will act as antiseptics.
If the sinuses of the head are involved, the case is severe, but if not nature will effect her own cure. The nature of the discharge will enable one to tell whether the sinuses are affected or not. If they are, after steaming, rub a little ammoniac liniment on the overlaying skin.
After following this treatment for two or three days, the case is practically cured. In a bad case keep the horse in for a week. As soon as the acute symptoms have subsided discontinue the steaming.

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